Latest Issue

Intellectual Economics, 2014, Nr. 8(1)

Algirdas Monkevičius. Quality of Working Life Concept and Empirical Indicators

Abstract. In this paper we examine the concept of quality of working life (QWL), focusing on the systematic connection with the employee’s personality and happiness. The evolution of the approaches to QWL is analysed in the context of policy and management, showing the links between research findings and government reform ideas. The paper presents evidence through research perspectives on positive psychology and health sciences that productivity and employee happiness have a positive mutual interface. The author’s position is that happiness is a key element in the concept of QWL. QWL is a level of well-being at work that depends on the relation between the whole of the factual working conditions and personality. QWL shows the state of subjective satisfaction – happiness at work. In this regard, we see four main dimensions of QWL – quality of working environment, job satisfaction, personality and personal happiness. Six of the most important work environment factors (pay, safety, balance of the working and non-working life, relationships, growth and self-realisation) have been set as the indicators for empirical studies.

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Dalia Štreimikienė. Housing Indicators for Assessing Quality of Life in Lithuania

Abstract. The paper deals with quality of life in terms of housing and develops the indicator system for quality of life assessment in the housing sector. The increase of the quality of life is the main aim of sustainable development. The quality of life is being assessed by applying various dimensions, various indicators. The housing dimension is one of the major issues affecting the quality of life. The housing indicators reflecting the quality of life can be assessed by applying quality of housing, quality of housing environment and housing cost burden indicators. The paper presents the concept of assessment of housing dimension in the quality of life measurements and the main indicators relevant to this dimension of quality of life. The dynamics of housing indicators relevant to quality of life were investigated in Lithuania and other EU Member States, the housing indicators were compared for three Baltic States and policy recommendations were developed.

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Özkan Leblebici. Can Cooperatives be a Response to Marketing Problem in Agriculture Under Recent Global Production Structure?

Abstract. The progress of capitalist mode of production in agriculture has created dependency on industrial production. This kind of dependency to inputs in agriculture causes the terms of trade grow against the producers. However, the liberalisation tendency in agricultural trade, especially in the aftermath of the Uruguay Rounds, increased the integration level of multinational corporations (MNCs). This enables MNCs, leading firms in production chains to render the producers dependent on the production process. Marketing is an important problem for producers in this structure. Producers can hardly access markets without the support of MNCs. Cooperatives may be a solution for such a problem. This study discusses that cooperative organisations could be the structures that enable producers to access the markets despite MNCs.

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Stasys Puškorius. Theoretical Model of Estimating the Quality of Life Index

Abstract. The goals of this paper are: to determine the stages of calculation of the quality of life index, to identify the quality of life index estimation branches, to distinguish the main indicators depicting the quality of each working area, to introduce the corresponding mathematical models of each area, and present the method of calculation of the integral quality of life index.
Plenty of models are used to measure the quality of population’s life index, but as a rule they estimate influence of economical variables. The author of this paper tries to include many more indicators covering all the important dimensions.
The originality of the paper includes determination of major dimensions, which define the quality of life index, two proposed mathematical models of calculation of the integral quality of the life index and the specific indicators suitable for every situation, the estimation of ways to measure weigh constituent coefficients, choosing the unit of measurement for any indicator and the discussion of different ways to obtain the necessary information.
The models referred above are modern ones and have not been used before.
This research is a theoretical one. The author is going to take practical steps to employ this methodology in the research under the project “Creation of system of measurement indicators and evolution model of the quality of life of Lithuanian population”.

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Daniel Butyter. Trade Development between the European Union and Members of the Eastern Partnership Programme. Example of Ukraine and Poland

Abstract. Eastern dimension of the European Union is one of the most important dimensions of the European Neighbourhood Policy. Eastern Partnership is a programme aimed at tightening cooperation between the EU and its partners. The result of the Eastern Partnership programme should be the signature of DCFTA with each partner. Signing of such a Treaty can bring advantages and disadvantages as well as dangers for both sides. This article studies the best option for the economic integration for Eastern Partnership countries – customs union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan or the free trade zone with the European Union. Ukraine and Poland have close historical, economical, cultural and economic ties. Their example is the best for the analysis of economic and trans-border cooperation between the EU and Eastern Partnership countries.

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Tatjana Bilevičienė. Effect of Active Labour Market Policies on Employment and Quality of Life

Abstract. Gross domestic product (GDP) is the most popular measure of macroeconomic activity. However, it is increasingly recognised that GDP should be associated with additional data and indicators. In 2010, the European Statistical System Committee recommended a set of indicators to measure quality of life. Some of these indicators are already prepared by the EU Member States’ and Lithuania’s statistical offices. Active labour market policies are increasingly applied in recent times for the purpose of broadening macroeconomic, employment and social policy. These tools are especially useful for the disadvantage groups, such as the longterm unemployed and older people to return to the labour market. Rising employment level is the most effective tonic for economic growth and social inclusion. Employment is a very important factor to guarantee equal opportunities, which is contributing to the full participation of citizens in economic, cultural and social life. This improves quality of life. This paper explores the major Lithuanian ALMP indicators and their relationship with the indicators of employment and quality of life.

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Alvydas Jablonskis. Explications and Interpretations of Logistic Activity

Abstract. This theoretical article explores logistic activity. It reviews, evaluates and compares definitions, explications and interpretations of logistic activity. The author offers and discusses four cases of interpretation of logistic activity, highlighting and focusing on logistic activity in a broad sense.
The author discusses features of logistic activity, its links with logistics, supply chain and marketing. The article presents an overview of a series of terms related to logistic activity and logistics. An evaluation of a logistic approach as yet another candidate to be considered as a general scientific approach is presented.
The author has performed an analysis of elements of logistic activity and its components and presents a classification of the components of logistic activity, namely phenomena and actions.
Much attention is paid to the interaction between subjects of logistic activities, peculiarities of such interaction at the current stage of human activity, highlighting and discussing institutions performing control operations.
The author discusses in detail the material flows in logistics and logistic activities and analyses the impact of logistic activities on these flows. In the article, a definition of the material flow in logistic activity, the properties of such flow are analysed, and several classifications of material flows are proposed. The performed flow analysis has shown that it is appropriate to distinguish and analyse not only material flows, but also the resources of logistic activities.
The article contains a comprehensive analysis of the concept of logistic activity, which is the main goal of this publication.

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Olena Vinnychuk, Larysa Skrashchuk, Igor Vinnychuk. Research of Economic Growth in the Context of Knowledge Economy

Abstract. This paper analyses the nature of economic growth in the context of knowledge economy. Indicators that can describe the individual components of knowledge economy are selected. The dynamics of knowledge economy components based on statistics of Ukraine, Poland, Germany and Lithuania is researched. The neural network was built using knowledge economy indicators based on time series data for the years 1996-2011s. The constructed neural network can be used for developing models for economic growth forecasting.

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Andrii Verstiak, Oksana Verstiak, Svyatoslav Ishchenko, Serhii Ziukov. Economic Growth and Beta-Convergence between EU and Ukraine

Abstract. The empiric analysis of convergence processes between Ukraine and EU countries showed that the most spreading method of convergence presence in the rate of economic development is the reduction of the inequality of GDP per capita level among the countries groups. The main characteristics of the convergence hypothesis are checked on the example of EU and Ukraine. Thus, the economic dependence of emerging countries from developed countries is primarily manifested in the fact that developed countries are net-exporters of capital to developing countries, while developing countries are, in fact, their debtors. The hypothesis of EU and Ukraine integration is checked on the base of convergence test.

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Adolfas Kaziliūnas, Lina Vyšniauskienė. Impact of Different Quality Management System Implementation Patterns on Performance Outcomes

Abstract. Literature indicates that organisations often lack flexibility in the design and implementation of quality management systems and show a low utilisation of employee skills and knowledge. This article analyses different patterns of the implementation of quality management systems in different kinds of organisations and examines the performance outcomes associated with it. The research shows that organisations with different quality management system implementation patterns have significantly different performance outcomes. A mature quality management system should consider success factors for quality management system implementation benefits from the early phases of their planning and designing processes. There is an interesting relationship between reasons of ISO 9001 quality management system implementation and the corresponding performance outcomes. By requiring that all processes and procedures be documented, the ISO 9000 standard is undoubtedly commonly associated with control orientation and explicit knowledge orientation organisations. By implementing organisational learning mechanisms, organisations can increase the capability of managing and utilising knowledge. Such mechanisms allow organisations to collect, analyse, store, disseminate and use information that is relevant to the organisation. Correct maintenance of quality management system during the post-certification period is very important. Quality auditors are in a powerful position to increase the value of quality management systems. Value-added audit may not only produce data for the use in granting a certificate, for improving documentation or for enforcing conformity, but also for making managerial decisions concerned with economy, staff development, technology, growth, product and processes, because these decisions are based on current performance.

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Andrii Verstiak, Vasyl Grygorkiv, Mariia Grygorkiv. Stohastic and Optimisation Models of Pricing in Eco- Economic System

Abstract. The nonlinear deterministic and stochastic double-natured models of ecoeconomic balance are offered in this article. The proper deterministic equivalents of stochastic models are built. The constructed models can be used for forecasting price indexes in a multisectoral eco-economic system. The forecast of the price indexes allows controlling the price balances for timely reaction to changes in any constituent of the net output. From the point of view of the decision-making person, it allows optimising the process of pricing prognostication and its dynamics in environmental economics.

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Ona Gražina Rakauskienė, Olga Ranceva. Youth Unemployment and Emigration Trends

Abstract. The paper deals with youth unemployment and youth emigration trends. In recent years, the rate of migration in the world has increased, but also its age structure has changed. Young people are the third among all world migrants. The main causes of youth migration are: unemployment, poverty, poor quality of life, problems related to education and difficult political situation. Today global youth unemployment rate exceeds 12.5 %, which is about 73 million young people. Youth unemployment is one of the major threats in 2014 and one of the main causes of migration. The main aim of this paper is to show the drama of youth unemployment and highlight how it is related to youth migration growth.

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Vasyl Grygorkiv, Andrii Verstiak, Mariia Grygorkiv. Cross-Country Comparative Analysis for the National Economies Based on Aggregated Input-Output Models

Abstract. The paper is devoted to the issues of aggregating static input-output models and the usage of appropriate aggregate models in macroeconomic analysis, in particular to compare the aggregated performances of economies of different countries or regions. Investigating economic systems the Input-Output models allow to detect and substantiate the proportions and disproportions in the economy at the different levels of aggregation, and to investigate the sectoral structure of the economies reflected in this paper.

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