ECTS Credit allocation Based on the Student Workload Needed in Order to Achieve Expected Learning Outcomes
ECTS - a new credit in Lithuania.
Following the Law on Higher Education and Research of the Republic of Lithuania Lithuanian Higher Education Institutions on 1 September, 2011 moved to a new system for calculating the credits - ECTS.
A study credit system is used to measure the volume of studies at the University. A credit is a unit of study volume used to measure learning outcomes and the hours of student work required to achieve them, i.e. credit is based on the student workload needed in order to achieve expected learning outcomes. The study results measured in study credits are coupled with the study cycles and fields, while their objectives are described in study programmes. The estimated student work volume is 27 hours per one study credit.
The usual length of studies is measured in years. One academic year is 1600 hours.
The usual volume of one year and one semester of full-time studies are 60 and 30 credits, respectively. A student is entitled to choose a different volume of full-time studies; however it may not be less than 45 credits per year.
NB: this should be read as: 60 ECTS credits are allocated to the workload of full-time academic year, 30 ECTS credits are normally allocated to a semester.
Usual volume of the yearly part-time studies is 45 credits. A student is entitled to choose a different volume of part-time studies; however, the total duration of the studies may not be longer than by one and a half times of the usual duration of the full-time studies in the same programme.
The usual volume of the first-cycle university study programmes, which leads to a Bachelor's degree in a relevant field, is 210 credits, of them: at least 18 credits in general university subjects; at least 180 credits in the subjects of the foundations of the study field and special subjects; at least 12 credits in optional subjects. Part of general University subjects and subjects of the study field (not less than 48 credits) must be made elective subjects.
The volume of a study programme, which leads to a combined Bachelor's degree in the major and minor fields, is 240 credits, of them: 15 credits must be made of general university subjects; 165 credits in the major field of study; 60 credits in the minor field of study.
The University can organise the study process to enable the students to complete Bachelor's degrees in two different fields simultaneously. In that case, the total volume of both study programme is at least 300 credits, including at least 165 credits in the academic subjects of the first field and at least 135 credits in the subjects of the second field of study, which are different from those of the first field, provided that all the other subjects of both fields are the same.
The second-cycle study programme comprises compulsory academic subjects of the study field, elective academic subjects of the study field established by the University, and the preparation and defense of the final thesis. The volume of the study programme is not less than 90 and not more than 120 study credits, of them: not less than 60 study credits must be made of the subjects of the field which, from the point of view of the content, must be of a qualitatively higher problematical or innovative scientific level than subjects of first-cycle studies of a respective area of knowledge which substantiate them; not more than 30 study credits may be made of university-prescribed and student-elected subjects intended, depending on the character of the study programme, to prepare for doctoral studies (research work (creation of art)), practical activity (practice of professional activity) or for subjects of another field, when a study programme subject to the aims related with cross studies is implemented, also for general university study subjects and optional subjects necessary to achieve the aims of the study programme; not less than 30 study credits are allocated for the preparation and defense of the final thesis of for the final thesis or final examination (final examinations if they are prescribed by the legal acts of the Republic of Lithuania or international legal acts).
The structure, content, and volume (in credits) of a study programme are identical for all study forms, although the study length and methods may vary.
Study programmes comprise academic subjects. Academic subjects can be combined into modules.
Study programmes list subjects (modules) by semesters and specify their volume in credits. Typically, an examination is taken after the completion of each subject (module).
University gradually moves to modular education system, therefore as a rule, students take a maximum number of 5 subjects per one semester. The usual volume of each subject is 6 study credits. A different number of subjects per semester and/or a different subject volume in credits can be established in the instances when it is required by the law or specific features of the study field. Within predefined structure, the teaching staff define appropriate and feasible learning outcomes and describe the learning activities, on the basis of the standard size of the components. The estimated workload must be consistent with the number of credits allocated to that component.
The hours of student's work on each academic subject are classified into contact and self-study hours.
Contact work means teacher-guided studies. They can include lectures, seminars, training exercises, laboratory work, knowledge checks, consultations, etc. Contact work can be remote, i.e. by electronic study tools.
Contact work in the first-cycle studies must amount to at least 20 percent of the total study programme, including at least 10 percent of direct participation of the teachers and the students (non-remote contact work).
Contact work in the second-cycle and non-degree studies must amount to at least 10 percent of the total study programme, including at least 5 percent of direct participation of the teachers and the students (non-remote contact work).
Self-study means studies of teaching, scientific, and methodological material, student work in groups without direct teachers' guidance and in laboratories, preparation of scientific research works, project implementation, and other independent student activities allowing the development of general and special competences prescribed by the study programme.
The study volume in credits based on the student workload needed in order to achieve expected learning outcomes are specified in the descriptions of study programmes and course unit.